Ertugrul Qazi: The Life and Legacy of the 13th Century Bey Who Changed the Fate of Anatolia
Ertugrul Qazi: The Father of the Ottoman Empire
Ertugrul Qazi or Ertugrul Bey was a 13th-century Turkish warrior who is widely regarded as the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. He was the leader of the Kayi tribe of the Oghuz Turks, who migrated from Central Asia to Anatolia in the face of Mongol invasions. He fought against the Crusaders, the Byzantines and the Mongols, and established a principality in Sogut, a town on the border with the Byzantine Empire. He is a revered figure in Turkish history and culture, and has been portrayed in various media, most notably in the popular TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul.
Who was Ertugrul Qazi?
His life and legend
Little is known for certain about Ertugrul's life, as most of the sources about him were written by the Ottomans more than a century later. According to Ottoman tradition, he was the son of Suleyman Shah, the leader of the Kayi tribe, and Hayme Ana, a noblewoman. He was born around 1198 in Ahlat, a town in present-day Bitlis province of Turkey. He had three brothers: Gündogdu, Sungurtekin and Dundar. He also had a sister named Selcan Hatun. He died around 1280 or 1281 in Sogut, where his tomb is located.
According to some legends, Ertugrul's lineage can be traced back to Noah through Oghuz Khan, the mythical ancestor of the Oghuz Turks. He was also said to be a descendant of Gokalp, a son of Oghuz Khan. He was also believed to be a follower of Ibn Arabi, a famous Sufi mystic and scholar. He was also reputed to have miraculous powers, such as healing wounds and predicting future events.
His family and descendants
Ertugrul married Halime Hatun, who was either a Seljuk princess or a Mongol captive. They had four sons: Osman, Savci, Gündüz and Saru Batu. Osman succeeded his father as the leader of the Kayi tribe and founded the Ottoman Empire in 1299. Savci became a judge and a scholar in Bursa, the first capital of the Ottoman Empire. Gündüz became a governor and a general under Osman. Saru Batu died young.
Ertugrul's descendants ruled over the Ottoman Empire for six centuries until its dissolution in 1922. The Ottoman sultans claimed to be his heirs and used his name as part of their titles. Some of his descendants also became prominent figures in other countries, such as Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia.
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His legacy and influence
Ertugrul is considered to be one of the greatest heroes of Turkish history and culture. He is admired for his courage, loyalty, justice and piety. He is seen as a symbol of Turkish identity and pride. He is also respected by many Muslims around the world as a defender of Islam and a champion of jihad.
Ertugrul's name has been given to many places, institutions, organizations and events in Turkey and abroad. For example, there is a town named Ertugrul in Balikesir province of Turkey, a district named Ertugrul in Bilecik province of Turkey, a university named Ertugrul Gazi in Turkmenistan, a mosque named Ertugrul Gazi in Ashgabat, a naval ship named TCG Ertugrul in the Turkish Navy, and a festival named Ertugrul Gazi Culture and Art Festival in Sogut.
What did Ertugrul Qazi do?
His migration to Anatolia
Ertugrul and his tribe were among the many Oghuz Turks who migrated from Central Asia to Anatolia in the 13th century. They were driven by the Mongol invasions, which devastated their homeland and threatened their existence. They also sought new lands and opportunities in the west.
Ertugrul and his tribe crossed the Euphrates river and entered the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, which was a Turkish state that ruled over most of Anatolia. They settled in the region of Erzurum, where they were welcomed by the Seljuk authorities. They were assigned to guard the eastern frontier of the sultanate against the Mongols and other enemies.
His service to the Seljuk Sultanate
Ertugrul and his tribe proved to be loyal and brave warriors for the Seljuk Sultanate. They fought against the Mongols, who invaded Anatolia several times in the 13th century. They also fought against the Crusaders, who launched the Fifth Crusade and the Sixth Crusade to capture Jerusalem and other holy lands from the Muslims. They also fought against the Byzantines, who tried to regain their lost territories in Anatolia from the Turks.
Ertugrul and his tribe earned the respect and trust of the Seljuk sultans, who granted them lands and privileges. They also established good relations with other Turkish tribes and clans in Anatolia, such as the Dodurga, the Yavuz, the Cavdar and the Kayilar.
His conquest of Sogut and Byzantine lands
Ertugrul and his tribe gradually expanded their domain in Anatolia by conquering new lands from the Byzantines. They moved westward from Erzurum to Pasinler, then to Ahlat, then to Malatya, then to Kayseri, then to Ankara, then to Eskisehir. They finally reached Sogut, a town on the border with the Byzantine Empire, around 1230 or 1231.
Ertugrul captured Sogut from the Byzantines after a fierce battle. He made Sogut his headquarters and base of operations. He also captured other nearby towns and villages from the Byzantines, such as Bilecik, Inegol, Yenisehir and Domaniç. He established a principality that stretched from Sogut to Domanic.
Why is Ertugrul Qazi important?
His role in the foundation of the Ottoman Empire
Ertugrul is important because he laid the foundations for the Ottoman Empire, which would become one of the largest and longest-lasting empires in history. He prepared the way for his son Osman, who succeeded him as the leader of the Kayi tribe and declared independence from the Seljuk Sultanate in 1299. Osman continued his father's expansionist policy and conquered more lands from the Byzantines. He also united other Turkish tribes and clans under his banner. He is considered to be the first Ottoman sultan and the eponym of the empire.
Ertugrul's principality in Sogut was the nucleus of the Ottoman Empire, which would grow to encompass most of Anatolia, the Balkans, the Middle East, North Africa and parts of Europe. The Ottoman Empire would last for more than six centuries, until its dissolution in 1922. The Ottoman Empire would play a major role in world history, politics, culture, religion and art.
His representation in Turkish culture and media
Ertugrul is also important because he is a prominent figure in Turkish culture and media. He is celebrated as a national hero and a cultural icon. He is featured in many works of literature, art, music, theater and cinema. He is also commemorated in various festivals, ceremonies and monuments.
One of the most popular and influential representations of Ertugrul is the TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul (Resurrection: Ertugrul), which aired from 2014 to 2019. The series depicts the life and adventures of Ertugrul and his tribe in Anatolia. The series has been praised for its historical accuracy, production quality, acting performance and moral values. The series has also been criticized for its political agenda, historical inaccuracies, violence and propaganda. The series has been watched by millions of viewers in Turkey and abroad, and has been dubbed or subtitled in many languages.
His popularity in the Muslim world and beyond
Ertugrul is also important because he is a popular figure in the Muslim world and beyond. He is admired by many Muslims as a model of faith, courage, leadership and justice. He is seen as a defender of Islam and a champion of jihad. He is also respected by many non-Muslims as a noble warrior and a wise ruler.
Ertugrul's popularity has increased in recent years, especially after the success of the TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul. Many people have visited his tomb in Sogut and other places associated with him. Many people have also named their children after him or his family members. Many people have also